12 ways to reduce cancer risks[1]

#1 Do not smoke. Do not use any form of tobacco.

#2 Make your home smoke free. Support smoke-free policies in your workplace.

#3 Take action to be a healthy body weight.

#4 Be physically active in everyday life. Limit the time you spend sitting.

#5 Have a healthy diet:

  • Eat plenty of whole grains, pulses, vegetables and fruits.
  • Limit high-calorie foods (foods high in sugar or fat) and avoid sugary drinks.
  • Avoid processed meat; limit red meat and foods high in salt.

#6 If you drink alcohol of any type, limit your intake. Not drinking alcohol is better for cancer prevention.

#7 Avoid too much sun, especially for children. Use sun protection. Do not use sunbeds.

#8 In the workplace, protect yourself against cancer-causing substances by following health and safety instructions.

#9 Find out if you are exposed to radiation from naturally high radon levels in your home.

Take action to reduce high radon levels.

#10 For women:

  • Breastfeeding reduces the mother’s cancer risk. If you can, breastfeed your baby.
  • Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) increases the risk of certain cancers. Limit use of HRT.

#11 Ensure your children take part in vaccination programs for:

  • Hepatitis B (for newborns)
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV) (for girls).

#12 Take part in organized cancer screening programs for:

  • Bowel cancer (men and women)
  • Breast cancer (women)
  • Cervical cancer (women).

[1] https://cancer-code-europe.iarc.fr/index.php/en/